What is Percutaneous Vertebroplasty?
Percutaneous vertebroplasty is a newer non-surgical technique in which medical grade cement is injected though a needle into a painful fractured vertebral body. This stabilizes the fracture, allowing most patients to discontinue or significantly decrease analgesics and resume normal activity. Patients who are unresponsive to conservative therapy of bed rest, analgesics, and back bracing should be considered for vertebroplasty.
About more than 5 crore people in India have osteoporosis (a decrease in the amount of bone mass) or have thinning of the bones that puts them at risk for spine fractures (broken bones). Thinning of the bones can occur at any time, but is most common in elderly persons. “Compression” fractures are caused when the weakened bone of the spine collapses either slowly or suddenly due to an impact. This usually causes severe back pain. When several of the bones collapse, loss of height or stooped posture may occur. Sometimes, the fracture gets better by itself and the pain goes away. In many patients, however, the pain continues because the crushed bone continues to move and break.
How are spinal fractures diagnosed?
The diagnosis of vertebral compression fractures is usually made by X-Ray, history, physical examination & MRI or CT scanning. MRI/ CT scan also helps to determine how much is the displacement of the bone and how much is the impingement on the spinal canal and to exclude other causes of back pain.
Indications for vertebroplasty
- The pain is severe and is because of a compression fracture
- Other, more conservative treatments haven’t relieved the pain
- The compression fracture is recently diagnosed and imaging tests (X-rays, MRI and bone scan) can pinpoint the location and age of the compression fracture
- The bones are not extremely weakened (porous) that ribs might break as a result of lying facedown during the procedure
Most people can be treated as outpatients and return home the same day. During vertebroplasty sedation is given. Patient lie on the stomach. Back is numbed by local anesthesia and a small incision is made. Guided by X-ray cameras, your doctor injects bone cement into the damaged vertebra with a needle. Vertebroplasty usually takes one hour for each vertebra that is treated. You will need to lie flat on your back for two hours afterward while the cement hardens.
By percutaneous vertebroplasty other spine problems can also be treated
Percutaneous vertebroplasty is also useful in other painful or unstable benign and malignant vertebral lesions that fail to respond to the traditional conservative therapies like multiple myeloma, haemangioma and various spinal bone cancer.
What is the recovery like? And is the procedure safe?
Many patients feel pain relief right away after vertebroplasty. Most report that their pain is gone or is much better within 48 hours. Most patients resume normal activity within 24 hours.
Vertebroplasty is very safe. The bone cement used to secure the broken bone is safe. Patients with tumors in the spine may be at slight risk of complications. You should always discuss the risks of any procedure with your doctor.
How do I know if vertebroplasty is right for me?
If you have significant back pain caused by a broken bone (osteoporotic fractured vertebra) in your back that is not getting better even after one to two weeks of bed rest and pain control medicine, you may need vertebroplasty. Newer fractures tend to respond better than older fractures; however, some older fractures can also be treated successfully.
How successful is vertebroplasty?
The success rate for this procedure in treating osteoporotic fractures is about 90-95%. Vertebroplasty can effectively treat aggressive hemangiomas of the vertebral body and may be palliative in patients with malignant pathologic fractures.
Vertebroplasty need any hospitalization?
It can be done as day care or one night hospitalization.
What are the advantages of vertebroplasty?
- Decreased pain. Vertebroplasty reduces and in some cases eliminates the need for pain medication, and it also restores mobility in many patients.
- Increased functional abilities. Vertebroplasty stabilizes the fracture, decreases pain dramatically and allows a return to the previous level of activity.
- Prevention of further vertebral collapse. The cement fills spaces in bones made porous by osteoporosis, strengthening the bone so that it is less likely to fracture again.
Dr. Pradeep Muley is trained in the USA and Singapore and has performed over 20,000 non-surgical treatments for various diseases like uterine fibroids, uterine adenomyosis, un-operable liver tumor, liver abscesses, varicose vein, brain aneurysm and vomiting of blood from lungs and stomach. He runs the VARICOSE VEIN AND FIBROID CLINIC AT FORTIS HOSPITAL, VASANT KUNJ, NEW DELHI & created INDIA’S 1ST UTERINE FIBROID CLUB. He has treated the maximum number of fibroid patients in India through the innovative Uterine Artery Embolization method.
For more in-depth information on various non-surgical treatments available-
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